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On-the-job instruction (OJI) is the most effective form of training, specifically because it occurs in the environment in which the job or task is performed. However, too often its value is lost due to lack of proper preparation by the trainer and ineffective instructional techniques. This workshop provides the tools and techniques for assuring that the desired learning occurs. A step-by-step process for the design, preparation and implementation of OJI is presented and practiced in the classroom.

This workshop is highly interactive with extensive application of course content to the student’s own OJI projects. Course content is delivered through participative lectures, full and small-group discussions and demonstrations.


Participants will gain the ability to be able to:

  • Identify the common pitfalls in OJI
  • Conduct job and task breakdowns
  • Determine the most effective instructional approaches and techniques
  • Write effective learning objectives
  • Identify the most effective learning sequence
  • Prepare a complete lesson plan containing both content and instructional techniques



This workshop is designed for anyone who is responsible for teaching a performance-based task or skill to one or more people in a job setting.


This course has no prerequisite.


You will receive a course binder containing a copy of the presentation slides.


Overview of the design process

Preparing instructional objectives

  • The most important step in design
  • Focusing on the “need to know”
  • Identifying what the trainee will do to demonstrate learning and to provide feedback


Performing job and task analysis

  • Job/task breakdown
  • Using weighting factors such as importance, frequency and learning difficulty
  • Analysis of job/task breakdowns to determine areas of emphasis and amount of practice


Sequencing of Instruction

  • Using task sequence as the instructional sequence
  • When the task sequence is not the best learning sequence
  • Other sequencing options such as “center of interest” and “from the known to the unknown.


Instructional Techniques

  • How to demonstrate the task effectively
  • Focusing on the trainee, not the trainer
  • Using questions and other involvement techniques
  • The design and use of job aids


Preparing Lesson Plans

  • A two-column design for a lesson plan
  • How to organize both content and instructional techniques


course info

Course ID: PM-0204
Course Level: Beginner
Duration: 2 days

upcoming sessions

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